The ARTEMIS project focuses on the formation of Milky Way-type galaxies. The main question we are trying to answer is how did our Galaxy, the Milky Way,  form and evolve? Specifically, we want to know what was its merger history and how did the past mergers affect its evolution. More broadly, we want to understand how unique was this formation history in the cosmological context. We therefore compare our sample of simulated galaxies with many other 'Milky Way analogues'  observed in the Universe. 

The ARTEMIS suite consists of 45 Milky Way-mass galaxies simulated in a Lambda CDM universe at high resolution.  The simulations were run with a version of the TreePM-SPH code Gadget-3 with galaxy formation physics developed for the EAGLE simulations, a flagship Virgo Consortium project.



Face-on and edge-on views of all 45 Milky Way-mass galaxies in the ARTEMIS sample (Credit: Font et al 2020).


This movie shows the evolution of one Milky Way-mass galaxies from the ARTEMIS simulations.


The Conversation: Dark matter: our method for catching ghostly haloes could help unveil what it’s made of




  • The ARTEMIS simulations: stellar haloes of Milky Way-mass galaxies (ADS)

 Font, Andreea S.,McCarthy, Ian G.,Poole-Mckenzie, Robert, Stafford, Sam G., Brown, Shaun T., Schaye, Joop, Crain, Robert A.,Theuns, Tom,  Schaller, Matthieu

  • Exploring extensions to the standard cosmological model and the impact of baryons on small scales (ADS)

 Stafford, Sam G., Brown, Shaun T., McCarthy, Ian G., Font, Andreea S., Robertson, Andrew, Poole-McKenzie, Robert

  • Informing dark matter direct detection limits with the ARTEMIS simulations (ADS)

 Poole-McKenzie, Robert, Font, Andreea S., Boxer, Billy, McCarthy, Ian G., Burdin, Sergey, Stafford, Sam G., Brown, Shaun T.

  • The imprint of dark subhaloes on the circumgalactic medium (ADS)

McCarthy, Ian G., Font, Andreea S.

  • Can cosmological simulations capture the diverse satellite populations of observed Milky Way analogues? (ADS)

 Font, Andreea S., McCarthy, Ian G., Belokurov, Vasily

  • Quenching of satellite galaxies of Milky Way analogues: reconciling theory and observations (ADS)

Font, Andreea S., McCarthy, Ian G., Belokurov, Vasily, Brown, Shaun T.,Stafford, Sam G.

  • Merger-induced galaxy transformations in the ARTEMIS simulations  (ADS)

Dillamore, Adam M., Belokurov, Vasily, Font, Andreea S., McCarthy, Ian G.

  • High-resolution synthetic UV–submm images for Milky Way-mass simulated galaxies from the ARTEMIS project (ADS)

Peter Camps, Anand Utsav Kapoor, Ana Trčka, Andreea Font, Ian G. McCarthy, James Trayford, and Maarten Baes


In the Camps et al (2022) paper we present redshift zero synthetic dust-aware observations for the 45 Milky Way-mass simulated galaxies of the ARTEMIS project, calculated with the SKIRT radiative transfer code. The post-processing procedure includes components for star-forming regions, stellar sources, and diffuse dust. We produce and publicly release realistic high-resolution images for 50 commonly used broadband filters from ultraviolet to sub-millimetre wavelengths and for 18 different viewing angles. Links to these images can be found below.

SKIRT images of ARTEMIS galaxies

Colour composite views of selected ARTEMIS galaxies using the synthetic SDSS i, r, and g observations produced in this work for the red, green and blue channels, respectively (Credit: Camps et al 2021).


External links:

 The SKIRT code.         


Data download links (approximately 10-20 GB per galaxy):

  SKIRT images of ARTEMIS galaxies